Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

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Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated during consolidation.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholder’s equity and cash flows for the interim periods, but are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be anticipated for the full year 2019 or any future period.

Use of Estimates

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its significant estimates including the valuation of accounts receivable, the lives of tangible and intangible assets, stock-based compensation expense, and accounting for revenue recognition and income taxes. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other market-specific and relevant assumptions it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ from those estimates and such differences could be material to the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

Concentrations of Risk

Concentrations of Risk

Credit Risk – Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consisted primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable from trade customers. The Company maintains its cash deposits at one domestic and two international financial institutions. The Company is exposed to credit risk in the event of default by a financial institution to the extent that cash and cash equivalents are in excess of the amount insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Company generally places its cash and cash equivalents with high-credit quality financial institutions. To date, the Company has not experienced any losses on its cash and cash equivalents.

Concentration of Accounts Receivable –As of June 30, 2019, one customer accounted for 24% of the Company’s accounts receivable. Fluctuations in accounts receivable result from timing of the Company’s execution of contracts and collection of related payments. As of December 31, 2018, one customer accounted for 77% of the Company’s accounts receivable.

Concentration of Revenues –For the three months ended June 30, 2019, two customers accounted for 20% and 14% of the Company’s total revenues. For the three months ended June 30, 2018, two customers accounted for 24% and 14% of the Company’s total revenues.

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, two customers accounted for 21% and 14% of the Company’s total revenues. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, two customers accounted for 22% and 16% of the Company’s total revenues.

Concentration of SuppliersThe Company relies on a limited number of suppliers and contract manufacturers. In particular, a single supplier is currently the sole manufacturer of the Company’s proprietary sensors.   

Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). There have been further amendments, including practical expedients, with the issuance of ASU 2018-01 in January 2018, ASU 2018-11 in July 2018 and ASU 2018-20 in December 2018. The amended guidance requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for those leases with terms in excess of 12 months and currently classified as operating leases. Disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements is required. Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Topic 842. The Company elected the optional transition method which allows entities to continue to apply historical accounting guidance in the comparative periods presented in the year of adoption.

At transition, lessees and lessors may elect to apply a package of practical expedients permitting entities not to reassess: (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases; (ii) lease classification for any expired or existing leases and (iii) whether initial direct costs for any expired or existing leases qualify for capitalization under the amended guidance. These practical expedients must be elected as a package and consistently applied. The Company has elected to apply the package of practical expedients upon adoption.

The Company’s operating lease for its corporate headquarters office is impacted by the new standard and upon adoption, the Company recognized a right-of-use asset of $0.9 million and related lease liabilities totaling $0.9 million. See Note 11, Leases.

         In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815). The amendments in Part I of ASU 2017-11 change the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments (or embedded features) with down round features. When determining whether certain financial instruments should be classified as liabilities or equity instruments, a down round feature no longer precludes equity classification when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to an entity’s own stock. The amendments also clarify existing disclosure requirements for equity-classified instruments. The amendments in Part I of this ASU are effective for the Company as of January 1, 2019. The amendments in Part II of ASU 2017-11 replace the indefinite deferral of certain guidance in Topic 480 with a scope exception. The amendments in Part II of ASU 2017-11 do not require any transition guidance. The Company adopted Part I of this ASU as of January 1, 2019 and the adoption did not have any impact on the consolidated financial statements.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

The Company accounts for employee stock purchases made under its 2017 ESPP using the estimate grant date fair value of accounting in accordance with ASC 718, Stock Compensation. The Company values ESPP shares using the Black-Scholes model.

Revenue Recognition

As of December 31, 2018, the Company had total short-term and long-term deferred revenue of $24.2 million. During the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recognized $9.2 million in revenue from the beginning deferred revenue balance and $1.0 million from new billings, and added $8.8 million to total short-term and long-term deferred revenue from new billings. During the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recognized $15.7 million in revenue from the beginning deferred revenue balance and $4.0 million from new billings, and added $18.7 million to total short-term and long-term deferred revenue from new billings.

As of January 1, 2018, upon the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“Topic 606”), the Company had total short-term and long-term deferred revenue of $17.3 million. During the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized $6.4 million in revenue from the beginning deferred revenue balance and $2.3 million from new billings, and added $8.1 million to total short-term and long-term deferred revenue from new billings. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized $11.7 million in revenue from the beginning deferred revenue of $18.1 million and $3.9 million from new billings, and added $15.8 million to total short-term and long-term deferred revenue from new billings.

 

As of June 30, 2019, the Company has estimated remaining performance obligations for contractually committed revenues of $17.7 million, $25.2 million, $15.5 million, and $0.9 million that will be recognized during the remainder of the year ending December 31, 2019, and years ended December 31, 2020, 2021, and 2022 through 2024, respectively. The timing of revenue recognition includes estimates of go live dates for contracts not yet live. Contractually committed revenue includes deferred revenue as of June 30, 2019 and amounts under contract that will be invoiced after June 30, 2019. 

During the three months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recognized revenues of $9.9 million from customers in the United States, $0.4 million from customers in South Africa and the Bahamas. During the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recognized revenues of $19.2 million from customers in the United States, $0.7 million from customers in South Africa and the Bahamas.  

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized revenues of $8.7 million from customers in the United States and $0.2 million from a customer in South Africa. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized revenues of $15.3 million from customers in the United States and $0.5 million from a customer in South Africa.  

Accounts Receivable, net and Unbilled Revenue

Accounts Receivable, net and Unbilled Revenue

Accounts receivable, net consist of trade accounts receivables from the Company’s customers, net of allowance for doubtful accounts if deemed necessary. Accounts receivable are recorded as the invoiced amount. The Company does not require collateral or other security for accounts receivable. Unbilled revenue consists of revenue recognized in advance of invoicing the customer.